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OpenTherm

This feature is not included in precompiled binaries.

To use it, you must compile your build. Add the following to user_config_override.h:

#ifndef USE_OPENTHERM
#define USE_OPENTHERM
#endif

Implementation of OpenTherm protocol

OpenTherm integration is based on OpenTherm protocol specification v2.2 and works with all OpenTherm compatible boilers.

OpenTherm protocol requires a simple low voltage two-wire connection to the boiler, but voltage levels (7..15V) still much higher than ESP8266 levels, which requires OpenTherm Adapter.

Compatible Open Therm Adapters~

Both adapters have a fully isolated circuit from the boiler. However, please be aware that you can damage your boiler. You may also void your boiler warranty by installing this hardware. Please consult with your boiler manufacturer.

Note

For my home automation project, I used OpenTherm Gateway Arduino shield; however, this project uses OpenTherm library from Ihor Melnyk. I assume both adapters will work.

Please note, this integration does not work with the OTGW. You might want to take a look at the HA OpenTherm GW

Connecting to the Boiler~

Current integration acts as a master to the boiler.

Note

If OpenTherm master device is present, the boiler may disable it's front panel controls. Users may not be able to set a boiler and hot water temperature through the boiler. Now it's the responsibility of the master device. This behavior might vary across different boilers.

You may disable this behavior by removing OpenTherm Slave Status command. However, the integration will not be able to read flame/heating/failure flags.

OpenTherm Gateway Arduino shield support a gateway mode. As of now, this mode does not supported by the integration.

As of now, gateway mode is not supported

Setting Up Tasmota~

Note

You need to define USE_OPENTHERM and rebuild Tasmota to enable OpenTherm integration.

  • Log into your Tasmota device
  • Go to Configuration -> Configure Module
  • Select Generic module type, save & restart
  • In the Module parameters window, assign OpenTherm RX and OpenTherm TX to the corresponding pins
  • Save settings and restart

Note

The integration attaches ISR to the RX GPIO to avoid pooling. That GPIO should support interrupts. Please consider this while working on the schematics.

Troubleshooting~

In order to troubleshoot you may need to enable Debug or More Debug logging level,

After restart you might see the following in the logs:

00:00:00 CFG: Loaded from flash at 3F7, Count 72
00:00:00 QPC: Flag 0E
00:00:00 CFG: CR 338/699
00:00:00 SRC: Restart
00:00:00 Project tasmota Tasmota Version 8.2.0(sensors)-STAGE
00:00:01 [OTH]: perform handshake
00:00:01 [OTH]: Processing response. Status=SUCCESS, Response=0x4003011B
00:00:01 [OTH]: getLastResponseStatus SUCCESS. Slave Cfg: 4003011B
00:00:01 [OTH]: Processing response. Status=SUCCESS, Response=0xC0000000
00:00:02 [OTH]: Setting Boiler Temp. Old: 0, New: 85
00:00:02 [OTH]: Processing response. Status=SUCCESS, Response=0xD0015500
00:00:02 [OTH]: Setting Hot Water Temp. Old: 0, New: 37
12:34:58 [OTH]: Processing response. Status=INVALID, Response=0x70730000
12:34:58 [OTH]: command OEMD is not supported by the boiler. Last status: INVALID
12:35:00 [OTH]: Processing response. Status=INVALID, Response=0xF01B0000
12:35:00 [OTH]: command TOUT is not supported by the boiler. Last status: INVALID
12:35:00 [OTH]: Processing response. Status=INVALID, Response=0x701C0000
12:35:00 [OTH]: command TRET is not supported by the boiler. Last status: INVALID
12:35:16 MQT: tele/boiler/SENSOR = {"Time":"2020-05-12T12:35:16","ANALOG":{"A0":7},"OPENTHERM":{"conn":"BUSY","settings":3,"SLAVE":{"FAULT":0,"CH":0,"DHW":0,"FL":0,"COOL":0,"CH2":0,"DIAG":0,"RAW":3221225472},"BTMP":{"FAULT":0,"REQ":85.0,"ACT": 85.0},"HWTMP":{"REQ":37.0,"ACT": 37.0},"ASFF":{"FC":0,"OFC":0},"FLM":0.0,"TB":31.0,"TDHW":30.0,"DHWS":37.0,"TMAX":0.0}}

In the example, perform handshake was successful, and the OpenTherm integration started to fetch various OpenTherm statuses.

Note

Your boiler may not respond to some of the OpenTherm commands. The integration made 3 attempts to execute the command. If the third attempt failed, the command marked as not supported and excluded from the rotation.

External Thermostat Wiring and Safety~

Central heating is the last thing you want to fail in your home. You might have significant damage to your property in case of the software bug or your custom hardware or wiring failure.

As a last resort measure, you probably want to use some sort of mechanical thermostat, which turns on your boiler if the temperature drops below the safe threshold.

In the worst-case scenario, your OpenTherm hardware stop communicating with the boiler. Proper boiler implementation will flag external panel error and take control back, following the external thermostat circuit state.

The second issue can be with your thermostat logic, especially if your logic is running on some external device. To address this, OpenTherm integration is using Diagnostics Indication to enable central heating. That way, if your external thermostat report freezing condition, OpenTherm integration activates heating. To enable this option, set the CHOD flag.

Note

Another use case for the CHOD flag might be an external hot water tank storage using central heating to heat the hot water in the tank.

Configuration~

OpenTherm integration supports the following commands.

  • ot_flags Get/Set OpenTherm flags
  • ot_tboiler Get/Set central heating temperature
  • ot_twater Get/Set domestic hot water temperature
  • ot_save_setpoints Save central heating and domestic hot water temperatures
  • ot_ch Activate/Deactivate central heating

ot_flags command~

OpenTherm integration supports the following flags:

  • CHOD - Enable CH (central heating) on diagnostics flag. See External Thermostat section
  • DHW - Enable Domestic Hot Water. If you have an on-demand gas heater, it won't start heating immediately, but enable heating when water is on
  • CH - If set, activate central heating permanently, following the ot_tboiler setpoint value. If disabled and CHOD is set, it follows the Diagnostics flag. Otherwise, heating is controlled by the ot_ch status
  • COOL - Enable cooling, if supported. Refer to your boiler manual.
  • OTC - Enable external temperature compensation thermistor. Refer to your boiler manual.
  • CH2 - Enable auxiliary central heating. Refer to your boiler manual.

Note

During the first run, ot_flags is set to the CHOD,DHW. Hot water setpoint set to 36-degree Celsius and central heating temperature set to 85 degree celsius

To get OpenTherm flags, type ot_flags

13:49:48 CMD: ot_flags
13:49:48 MQT: stat/boiler/RESULT = CHOD,DHW

To set OpenTherm flags, type ot_flags DHW,CH,OTC

13:49:48 CMD: ot_flags DHW,CH,OTC
13:49:48 MQT: stat/boiler/RESULT = DHW,CH,OTC

ot_tboiler command~

ot_tboiler set boiler (CH) desired temperature. The actual command to the boiler will be issued if your new temperature difference bigger than the OPENTHERM_BOILER_SETPOINT_TOLERANCE value which is 1-degree Celsius as of today.

14:12:04 CMD: ot_tboiler
14:12:04 MQT: stat/boiler/RESULT = {"ot_tboiler":60.0}
14:12:55 CMD: ot_tboiler 85
14:12:55 MQT: stat/boiler/RESULT = {"ot_tboiler":85.0}
14:12:57 [OTH]: Setting Boiler Temp. Old: 60, New: 85

Note

Some boilers might write setpoint temperature into the Flash memory. Having PID controlled appliance may produce a lot of small fluctuations in the setpoint value, wearing out Boiler flash memory.

Warning

ot_tboiler do not write the value in the Tasmota settings, reducing Flash memory writes. To store it permanently, invoke ot_save_setpoints command after ot_tboiler command

ot_twater command~

ot_twater set domestic hot water temperature setpoint (DHW).

Warning

ot_twater do not write the value in the Tasmota settings. To store it permanently, invoke ot_save_setpoints command after ot_twater command.

14:13:55 CMD: ot_twater
14:13:55 MQT: stat/boiler/RESULT = {"ot_twater":38.0}
14:13:55 CMD: ot_twater 40
14:13:55 MQT: stat/boiler/RESULT = {"ot_twater":40.0}

ot_save_setpoints command~

ot_save_setpoints store boiler and domestic hot water setpoints into the flash memory of the Tasmota.

ot_ch command~

ot_ch enable or disable central heating (CH). The Boiler follows the ot_tboiler temperature setpoint.

14:14:57 CMD: ot_ch
14:14:57 MQT: stat/boiler/RESULT = {"ot_ch":0}
14:15:57 CMD: ot_ch 1
14:15:57 MQT: stat/boiler/RESULT = {"ot_ch":1}

Warning

ot_ch 0 won't turn the boiler off, if CHOD flag is set and external thermostat requires heat

Setting Hot Water temperature~

One of the drawbacks, at least with my boiler, is that the boiler disables all the external knobs, so I can not set up the desired hot water temperature from the boiler itself. You might come up with the automation, setting hot water temperature by some schedule.

Another way is to use Home Assistant with the HomeKit integration. I created MQTT Hot Water Heater integration to the Home Assistant, so the Water Heater is exposed to the Home Kit. You should be able to install it through HACS

You can add the following configuration into the configuration.yaml of your Home Assistant set up.

water_heater:
  platform: mqtt_water_heater
  name: "Water Heater"
  state_topic: "tele/boiler/SENSOR"
  command_topic: "cmnd/boiler/OT_TWATER"
  value_template: "{{ value_json.OPENTHERM.DHWS }}"
  qos: 0
  availability_topic: "tele/boiler/LWT"
  payload_available: "Online"
  payload_not_available: "Offline"
  target_temperature: 38
  heater_min_temperature: 35
  heater_max_temperature: 50

Automation Examples~

This automation example turns on then Bathroom towel heater if someone is using hot water more than 5 minutes in the evening or more than 7 minutes in the evening. Bathroom towel heater has a coolant pump relay at 192.168.1.xx Also, it always turns on the heater on Clock#Timer3 event, working according to the schedule

It publishes state to the st/boiler/rr_dry for the Home Assistant bookkeeping. Also, it set boiler temperature to the %var3% value if external heating is required during the bathroom Dry mode.

Also, it syncs up the coolant pump state in case of the pump controller power outage.

# var1 - hot water ON time to enable bathroom Dry mode
# var2 - Bathroom Dry Mode boiler setpoint
# var3 - Normal Mode boiler setpoint
# var15 - a lock of the flame mode to avoid timer restart
# var16 - sync power4 state
# use VAR3 to set the actual boiler temperature setpoint

# If heat demand is on during RR Dry Mode, the temperature should be set back to the normal

Rule1
on system#boot do backlog TelePeriod 20; var1=540; var2=60; var3=85; var15 0; var16 0 endon
on tele-OPENTHERM#SLAVE#FL do WebSend [192.168.1.xx] POWER4 %var16%; endon
on Clock#Timer=1 do var1=300 endon
on Clock#Timer=2 do var1=420 endon
on Clock#Timer=3 do event dr=1 endon
on var3#state do ot_tboiler %value% endon

Rule2
on tele-OPENTHERM#SLAVE#DHW>%var15% do backlog RuleTimer1 %var1%; var15 1 endon
on tele-OPENTHERM#SLAVE#DHW=0 do backlog RuleTimer1 0; var15 0 endon
on Rules#Timer=2 do backlog ot_ch 0; ot_tboiler %var3%; var16 0; WebSend [192.168.1.xx] POWER4 OFF; publish st/boiler/rr_dry 0 endon
on Rules#Timer=1 do event dr=1 endon
on event#dr do backlog RuleTimer2 7200; ot_ch 1; ot_tboiler %var2%; var16 1; WebSend [192.168.1.xx] POWER4 ON; publish st/boiler/rr_dry 1 endon

Rule3
on tele-OPENTHERM#SLAVE#DIAG=1 do ot_tboiler %var3%; endon
on tele-OPENTHERM#SLAVE#DIAG=0 do ot_tboiler %var2%; endon