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Templates

Template is a definition of a device and how its GPIOs are assigned.

Templates provide an easy way for you to create, modify and share configurations for various devices that have features supported in Tasmota.

To provide easy processing by Tasmota a template is written as a JSON string and could look like this:

{"NAME":"UserModule1","GPIO":[17,148,29,149,7,255,255,255,138,255,139,255,255],"FLAG":0,"BASE":18}

Tip

Tasmota Device Templates Repository has a complete list of supported devices. We encourage everyone who creates a template for a new unknown device to submit it using Add New Template form.

How to Use~

Go to Configuration - Configure Template ...

How to get to template config

... and you'll end up looking at this screen.

Configure Template

Time to create your template.

Creating Your Template~

  1. Change the template name (also defines the name for the module).
  2. Select a module to BASE your template on. If you're not sure, Module 18 is the best choice. In this example the device is based on Blitzwolf SHP (45) module.
  3. Configure the components assigned to the GPIOs to match your device. If you do not know what pins your device uses, read about the new device configuration procedure to determine the correct pin assignments. GPIO configuration

    • Any unused GPIO that has cannot have a peripheral connected should be set to None (0). In our example the device has no exposed GPIO's so the unused ones are set to 0 compared to the original BlitzWolf module.
    • GPIOs that can have peripherals connected to (exposed GPIOs) should be set to User (255). This allows future configuration through the Configure Module dialog without the need to create a new template.

    Example

    Sonoff TH has a jack connected to GPIO4 that allows a user to plug in a sensor. Assigning GPIO4 as 255 allows a Template to have correct GPIOs for this device even if nothing is plugged in. But, when a user decides to connect a sensor using the jack, GPIO4 can be set to the type of sensor through the Configure Module page.

  4. Click on Save and you'll see this message

  5. Finally, the device will reboot with the new template name

Exporting Your Template~

Now that you've set up your previously unsupported device in Tasmota it is time to share the knowledge:

  1. Check that Module 0 is selected in the Configuration - Configure Module menu.
  2. Open up Console and issue command Template which will output a string with the configuration of your currently active template. Our example gives the following:
MQT: stat/tasmota/RESULT = {"NAME":"RGB Smart Plug","GPIO":[37,0,39,0,38,134,0,0,131,17,132,21,0],"FLAG":0,"BASE":45}

Copy the string {"NAME":"RGB Smart Plug","GPIO":[37,0,39,0,38,134,0,0,131,17,132,21,0],"FLAG":0,"BASE":45} and share it on the Tasmota Device Templates Repository.

Importing Templates~

Go to Configuration - Configure Other

How to get to template config

When there:

  1. Paste the template string into the Template field
  2. Make sure you check Activate
  3. Click on Save.

Template configuration

The device will reboot with a name reflecting your template name and Module 0 selected which has your new template stored.

If your device was previously configured you will have to manually change to Module 0 in *Configuration -> Configure Module*.

It is finished

Commands~

A user provided template can be stored in Tasmota using the Template command. It has the following parameters.

Parameter Description
Show current Template
0 Create template from active module
1..71 Create template from a supported module
{ ... } Store template written in a JSON string
255 Merge configured template and current module

Template {"NAME":"UserModule1","GPIO":[17,148,29,149,7,255,255,255,138,255,139,255,255],"FLAG":0,"BASE":18} stores a complete template based on the Generic module

Template {"NAME":"AnotherModuleName"} updates the name of a stored template

Template {"FLAG":0} changes FLAG value

Template {"BASE":18} updates the base of a stored template to Generic

After setting a template in command line it is necessary to issue Module 0 command if the device doesn't reboot on its own.

Merge Template with Module

You can set up your device in module *Configuration -> Configure Module* and use command Template 255 to merge the settings of the Module with current template into a new Template named "Merged".

Anatomy of a Template~

Let's look again at our example template:

{"NAME":"UserModule1","GPIO":[17,148,29,149,7,255,255,255,138,255,139,255,255],"FLAG":0,"BASE":18}

The four properties with UPPERCASE property names have the following functionality:

Property name Property value description
NAME Up to 60 characters for the Module name
GPIO Up to 13 decimal numbers from 0 to 255 representing GPIO0 to GPIO5, GPIO09, GPIO10 and GPIO12 to GPIO16
FLAG 8 bit mask flag register
BASE Module number of a hard-coded device to be used when device specific functionality is needed

GPIO~

GPIO order

GPIO# |00| 01|02| 03|04| 05| 09| 10| 12| 13| 14| 15| 16|  
CODE  [17,148,29,149,52,255,255,255,138,255,139,255,255] 

GPIO functionality

The GPIO functionality numbers are the same as shown by command GPIOs. In addition code 255 is added to select a GPIO as user configurable via the GUI Configure Module menu.

Example

In our example the GPIO 00 data element is 17 which corresponds to the Button1 component, according to the following table. If you change that template element to 9 it would then be assigned as a Switch1 component instead.

Components

See Components for a complete list

FLAG~

Used to configure the ADC type. In most templates this should be set to 0.

FLAG Feature description
0 No features
1 Analog value
2 Temperature
3 Light
4 Button
5 Buttoni
15 User configured (same as GPIO 255)

BASE~

BASE is the starting module setup for the custom template. Some modules include special programming. If your device is similar to an existing built-in module it is best to use that as a starting point. When you're not sure which BASE module is suitable for your device use the Generic (18) module. A list of hard-coded devices can be found in Modules.

Example

In the RGB Smart Plug template we used the BlitzWolf SHP (45) module as BASE since the power monitoring circuitry is identical but GPIO00 and GPIO02 were changed and an unused GPIO04 was added to enable the RGB LED function. Using that specific module we took advantage of that module's calibrated power monitoring special programming which the Generic (18) module does not use.