Capacitive Touch GPIO ~
The ESP32 has 10 capacitive touch GPIOs. It is possible to use a maximum number of 4 as a touch button.
Only special pins are usable and not all of these 10 pins are exposed on every dev-board. More info in this article
After wiring a cable or electrode to a supported pin you have to configure it in Configure Module as "button_tc".
It is helpful to understand, what is going on under the hood:
The continuous pin reading gives a unitless value, that will decrease when the pin (or connected cable) is touched. The touch pin driver will report a button touch when the pin reading falls below a threshold value for a certain amount of read cycles. The latter is important to filter out spikes.
The default values are very conservative in order to rule out unwanted actions. In most cases it will be desirable to do a calibration.
|TouchCal x||x=button 1 .. 4. This plots the sensor values to the console, to get information regarding the setting of the 2 following commands |
0 will turn off calibration
255 will turn on calibration for all buttons
|TouchThres x||x=button 1 .. 4. This plots the sensor values to the console, to get information regarding the setting of the 2 following commands|
|TouchNum x||sets number of ignored measurements below the threshold, because there will likely be spikes. The default value of 3 is very conservative and 1 should be fine most of the time. A higher value is safer in a noisy environment, but for obvious reasons you will have to touch the pin (or cable ...) longer to trigger the button press.|
While the calibration process is running, the raw data values will be printed in the console in the format:
g - number of the graph (= number of the button) v - raw value of the corresponding touch pin h - number of continous hits below current threshold, useful to see the number and length of "spikes", should be 0 without touching
The new values for a personal configuration can be stored in RULE:
rule1 on System#Init do TouchNum 1 endon
Tasmota Serial Plotter~
This little tool should be helpful to get a feel for the touch values. It is located in the /tools folder of the Tasmota repository and needs the installation of "mathplotlib" and "pyserial" in the active python environment. It is confirmed to work under Windows 10 and macOS Catalina.
./serial-plotter.py --port /dev/XXX --baud 115200
You can send commands to Tasmota via SEND-box.
For the touch button driver:
TouchCal 255 - turns on calibration mode for all buttons
(Note the short spikes, which in this config only would need TouchNum 1 to get filtered out)